What about the dog?

commander law dog

This is an issue that comes up on occasion when negotiating the terms of a Separation Agreement. It may seem silly to people who don’t own a dog, but dog owners often are extremely emotionally attached to their pups and often feel similarly to them as they do about their children.

Virginia treats pets as personal property, no different than your favorite armchair. This means that pets are subject to the same rules regarding property and the court will consider whether the dog is marital property to be divided, or separate property that belongs only to one party. Obviously most dog parents will not want to simply sell the dog and split the proceeds to resolve the matter, which is why it is not unusual to have people ask if it is possible to enter into a visitation schedule for the dog!

The answer to that is Yes! As long as the parties agree, it is possible to specify a visitation schedule for a dog in a Separation Agreement. Other solutions treat the matter the same as they would determine where the children should live, and consider the best interest of the dog. Who is the dog most attached to? Who has more space for the dog to play and run around? Which party is the dog’s primary caregiver?

As with most divorce matters, the best solution is for the parties to negotiate and then agree to in a separation agreement rather than taking the issue in front of a judge.


Posted January 30, 2018

Many people are concerned about the new tax law passed by Congress and signed by the President.

The changes will not impact your filing for the 2017 tax year. They will begin in 2018.

To see how the changes will affect you, contact a CPA or other tax professional.

Let Children Be Children

Posted January 20, 2018

During a separation or divorce, it may be tempting for a parent to use a child as a sounding board, ally or confidante. Children also can be used as intermediaries to deliver messages or support payments between parents or as a means to gather information about the other parent’s activities.

Avoid the temptation! Placing children, even older children, in the middle of adult conflicts damages them.

Let children be children. Adult situations are for adults to handle.

The Unemployed or Underemployed Parent

Posted January 12, 2018


In Virginia, both parents have a duty to support their children. However, something that happens fairly often in child support cases is that one parent does not work or is underemployed. In situations like this, the Court can often consider the parent’s earning potential rather than their actual income. This is called “imputing income.” The Court will calculate child support as though the parent was earning at their potential level, with the idea being that the parent cannot get out of their duty of support by purposely not working or working only part-time. At the very least, minimum wage will be imputed to a parent who does not have a valid reason for their situation.

As with everything related to children, imputing income to the parent must be in the child’s best interest. Sometimes there do exist special circumstances, such as a child who has special needs and therefore requires extra attention. Situations like this may justify a parent working only part time or not at all. A situation that would not justify unemployment however,  is when a parent is terminated from a job for cause. It is not uncommon for a judge to impute the income that the parent was earning before they were terminated, regardless of whether they have obtained a new position yet.

The bottom line is that the parent asking for income to be imputed has to demonstrate two things: the other parent’s earning potential and that imputing income would be in the child’s best interest.

New Year! New You!

The beginning of a new year is the perfect time to consider your life and your options. It also is a time to prepare for the future.

Sometimes, you just need to get information or to have questions answered. At our law firm, we often see men and women who need information or clarification regarding family law issues. With our assistance, you are prepared to make the important decisions regarding your future.

You may decide that you do not wish to make any changes.

You may decide that you want to make small changes.

You may decide that you want to make BIG changes.

Whichever you choose, it should be the result of an informed decision.

At CommanderLaw, we are here to help you make these difficult decisions. Call us today at (757) 533-5400.